Understanding the Waste Cycle

Take a look at how waste travels from our home to the landfill, it can give you a reason to segregate

The garbage that we generate in our daily life mostly ends up in a mixed form. This makes the segregation process more complex and creates problem for reusing and recycling waste materials. To understand the importance of why waste should be segregated at source, we need to have a look at the complete waste cycle.

The Place of Generation


The use of two different bins helps to segregate waste at source

Generally, we have a habit of discarding garbage in one common bin at home, offices or commercial spaces. This creates a muddle of wet and dry waste. But if we use two separate bins for wet and dry waste, then we are actually segregating waste at source.

 The Process of Collection

The Process of Collection

The door-to-door collection of garbage by a waste picker at Dhankawadi in Pune

The waste collection process is carried out by waste pickers. Most of the time, the collected garbage is in a mixed form. Therefore, waste pickers themselves have to segregate it and send it to the feeder point.

Feeder Point


The segregated waste at feeder point near Bibwewadi in Pune

Every administrative ward has a feeder point where all the waste pickers gather to deposit their collected waste. At this place, the waste is handed over to Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC). Further they transport the segregated waste to recycling and composting plants. While the mixed waste goes to landfill.


The wet waste is used by various composting industries to produce natural fertilizers and biogas. Also composting is one of the easiest way to utilize wet waste at home for various purposes like organic farming. This helps us to save a lot of money for daily needs of raw vegetables and fruits.


The dry waste segregation on a conveyer belt in the segregation plant of Clean Garbage Management Pvt. Ltd.

On the other hand, the recycling industries have a demand for dry waste. The industries either purchase the dry waste from waste pickers or they have their own collection system. Most of the dry garbage is reused or recycled that ultimately decreases the generation of dry waste in the surroundings.

The Possible Solution

As per the rules of Government of India, the city with 100% rate of segregation will be declared a zero garbage city. Today, few of the areas from Pune city are segregating the waste at source. Can you imagine, how great the impact will be, if every individual follows the rule of segregation. This will soon make our city free from garbage.

 Punekars, let’s give a fight to all the obstacles and take a step ahead to segregate waste at source.

-Filed and Photos by Omkar Nikam


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